Agenda Item 6
Report to the
Transport for South Hampshire Joint Committee
Date: 30 September 2009
Report by: Stuart Baker, Senior Transport Planner, Hampshire County Council
tel: 01962 846741 email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Subject: Delivering a Sustainable Transport System
Purpose of the Report
This report provides an update on the Delivering a Sustainable Transport System (DaSTS) workstream that the region is progressing and the resultant work that Transport for South Hampshire (TfSH)has been asked to take forward on developing solutions to meet the identified transport challenges within and connecting the South Hampshire Sub-Region.
1. That the Joint Committee notes the contents of this report.
2. That the Joint Committee agrees to the progression of work including officer input that will review the Transport for South Hampshire `Towards Delivery' strategy so that it:
(i) is consistent with the regional policy framework and the five Delivering a Sustainable Transport System goals;
(ii) offers value for money;
(iii) is within the likely level of funding (both public and private) available post 2013/14.
1. DaSTS was published by the Department for Transport (DfT) in November 2008. Following on from the earlier discussion paper (Towards a Sustainable Transport System), DaSTS proposed a four-step process to tackling the key challenges that will face transport provision in the coming decades:
(i) clarifying the goals of transport policy;
(ii) specifying the challenges to be addressed on each of the three types of network (city and regional, national and international) and on a cross-network basis;
(iii) generating a range of cross-modal options to address the challenges, looking at the role of regulation and price as well as infrastructure
(iv) appraising the options on the basis of their delivery against the transport goals and their value for money.
2. Critical to the sequential process are the five national transport goals, as set out in DaSTS. These goals (which represent the first of the four stage process above) are:
(i) to support national economic competitiveness and growth, by delivering reliable and efficient transport networks;
(ii) to reduce transport's emissions of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases, with the desired outcome of avoiding dangerous climate change;
(iii) to contribute to better safety, security and health and longer life expectancy through reducing the risk of death, injury or illness arising from transport, and promoting travel modes that are beneficial to health;
(iv) to promote greater equality of opportunity for all citizens, with the desired outcome of achieving a fairer society;
(v) to improve quality of life for transport users and non-transport users, and to promote a healthy natural environment.
3. A report to this committee in January of this year considered the content of DaSTS in detail and outlined the proposed TfSH response to the consultation on DaSTS. In consideration of this, the detail of DaSTS is not repeated here.
4. Stage two of the DaSTS process involved the Regional Transport Board (RTB), in consultation with Local Authorities, mapping the `challenges' facing the region as a consequence of the growth set out in the South East Plan and Regional Economic Strategy. This took place in late 2008 and provided the RTB with a foundation on which to develop the regional work programme, which was submitted to the DfT on 30 June 2009. The regional work programme, which has subsequently been accepted by the DfT, enables the region to draw upon funding from the DfT to help identify and evidence the solutions needed to address the challenges facing the transport system.
5. The outcome of the regional work programme will provide the basis of the region's advice submission to the DfT by the end of 2011. This will then feed into the preparation of a Transport White Paper that will set out national investment priorities for the period beyond 2013/14.
6. The submitted regional work programme comprised a combination of geographically focused pieces of work along with a smaller number of themed pieces of work (attached as Appendix 1).
7. Of the five transport issues of regional significance identified in the submission, Urban South Hampshire was ranked the second most important in the region, behind the Sussex Coast.
8. TfSH has been awarded £350,000 to assist in identifying robust solutions to the transport challenges in the sub-region. The brief for the study is to be prepared by the South East England Partnership Board (SEEPB) and will set the objectives of the study, key milestones, the funding envelopes within which the delivery strategies should be developed and the arrangements for engagement with stakeholders. The work programme extends over the next two financial years (until end of March 2011). It is envisaged that the study will cost in the region of £50,000, with the remainder of the funding used to develop the evidence base.
9. An initial study is to be prepared by Mott Gifford. The study must be complete by the end of March 2010 to enable the contents to feed into the interim review (due Spring 2010). The outcome of the review will in turn form the basis of a report to the DfT in spring 2010, prior to the final submission to the Department in late 2011. That will feed into a proposed Transport White Paper scheduled for publication in 2012. It will be the White Paper that will set out national investment priorities for the period beyond 2013/14. The approach to be adopted for this study is set out in section six, although this may change following receipt of the brief from SEEPB.
10. Whilst the brief for the study is expected from SEEPB soon, early discussions with SEEPB have provided a strong steer in terms of its likely content thus enabling a proposed approach to be developed and early work to commence. This is a pragmatic approach given the short time period over which this work needs to be developed. The approach is discussed below.
The transport challenges in urban South Hampshire
11. In the regional work programme, urban South Hampshire has been identified as a priority area for which solutions are required to be generated to tackle the transport challenges that are compromising the vision for the region and its ability to deliver the planned growth as set out in the South East Plan.
12. As a New Growth Point with two strategic development areas (SDAs) and a strategic employment site, the urban South Hampshire area is viewed as requiring considerable investment in transport infrastructure in order to support this development and contribute towards regional and national economic competitiveness. Indeed, up to the period 2026, there are 80,000 homes planned in the South Hampshire sub-region over this period and 59,000 new jobs by 2016.
13. As international gateways, access to Portsmouth and Southampton ports needs to be improved in order to support national and regional economic growth and competitiveness. Work needs to be undertaken to assess how improved freight accessibility to the ports can be balanced with local and regional journeys being made in the sub-region in order to support the local growth agenda and ensure equality of opportunity for all.
14. Improvements to local journeys will contribute to an improved quality of life for local residents through reduced congestion (the M27 is the fifth busiest road in the country, carrying an average of more than 100,000 vehicles per day, with delays in places exceeding 125,000 vehicle hours per annum) and improved air quality (some sections of the M27 exceed 10,000 tonnes Carbon Dioxide per kilometre) and also a greater equality of opportunity through improved access to labour markets and other key services. Investment to provide a number of transport options to access employment, particularly the strategic employment site planned at Eastleigh Riverside, should help to reduce the pockets of deprivation and unemployment currently found in the sub-region.
15. The key transport challenges relative to the DaSTS goals were set out in the regional work programme submission prepared by SEEPB. This is reproduced in Appendix 2.
Opportunities for transport solutions in urban South Hampshire
16. DaSTS recognises that a step change in transport provision is required with a clear understanding that new road infrastructure alone cannot respond to the key transport challenges. Indeed, to achieve the five goals of DaSTS a combination of measures, across transport modes is required. The South Hampshire sub region is well placed to deliver strategies that accord with the DaSTS goals.
17. A central tenet of DaSTS is that existing capacity should be used to its full potential. Innovative technology and improved information systems provide opportunities to better manage our existing transport networks, enabling transport users to make informed decisions about their journeys. Such measures can also encourage modal shift, which in turn can free up space on the network and so reduce congestion and improve efficiency.
18. The densely populated nature of the sub-region (1477 people per square kilometre compared to a regional average of 419 people per square kilometre) along with the high number of local commuter journeys presents the opportunity to explore the role of smarter choices in the area. Strategies to instigate behavioural change in local transport users and encourage walking and cycling could help to reduce carbon and noise emissions from transport and to relieve congestion on regionally and nationally significant routes that are already operating over capacity. This would be particularly valuable given that, as Partnership for Urban South Hampshire (PUSH) has been identified as a Diamond for Investment and Growth in the Regional Economic Strategy, the sub-region is committed to achieving the target to stabilise its ecological footprint two years earlier than proposed at the regional level.
19. The TfSH Towards Delivery statement, published in 2008, set out the transport strategy for South Hampshire and included a package of transport interventions. Towards Delivery has been held up as an example of good practice, and so provides the luxury of an advanced starting point from which a DaSTS compliant strategy and implementation plan for urban South Hampshire can be developed in line with stages three (generating a range cross-modal options to address the challenges looking at the role of regulation and price as well as infrastructure) and four (appraising the options on the basis of their delivery against the transport goals and their value for money) of the DaSTS process.
The Proposed Approach
20. The TfSH Towards Delivery statement was written prior to the publication of DaSTS, and whilst still relevant it does require updating to ensure that the strategy and its solutions accord with the five goals of DaSTS and so have the greatest chance of matching funding criteria in the period post 2013/14. The statement includes an implementation plan which proposes a package of measures totalling just under £2 billion. Given the significant impact that the recession will have on likely future levels it is considered that the achievement of the £2 billion figure is somewhat unrealistic.
21. The Towards Delivery statement will be reviewed and revised within the context of the five DaSTS goals. A sifting process will ensure that the resultant strategy and solutions are consistent with the five goals of DaSTS and the regional policy framework, whilst offering value for money, and being realistic and achievable given likely future levels of funding.
22. The sifted implementation plan will be appraised in line with accepted DfT standards, as set out in DaSTS and the New Approach to Appraisal (NATA) refresh. This will ensure that the solutions generated are presented in a way that is conversant with the DfT decision making process.
23. In time the evidence base that is currently being developed for South Hampshire will support the solution generation process, but SEEPB are dictating that the initial phase of work is completed by March 2010, so that it can feed in to their interim review, which itself will feed into a report to the DfT in Spring next year. However, the final regional submission to the DfT will be in late 2011, by which time the evidence base will be available to further justify the transport solutions proposed.
24. There are links between the development of this strategy and the work that the three constituent Highway Authorities of the TfSH area (Hampshire County Council, Portsmouth City Council and Southampton City Council) are progressing with regards to their emerging Local Transport Plans (LTPs) for the period from April 2011.
25. In order for the region to have the best chance of securing funding for transport solutions, it is critical that this process embraces and responds to the five DaSTS goals and is realistic in terms of funding. This represents an opportunity to secure significant funding levels and enable urban South Hampshire to improve the performance of the transport system for both people and business in a way that improves the quality of life of those living in the sub-region, whilst enabling growth and responding to the global climate change imperative.
Section 100 D - Local Government Act 1972 - background papers
The following documents disclose facts or matters on which this report, or an important part of it, is based and has been relied upon to a material extent in the preparation of this report.
NB the list excludes:
Documents which disclose exempt or confidential information as defined in the Act.
Delivering a Sustainable Transport System
Towards a Sustainable Transport System
New Approach to Transport Appraisal
Department for Transport http://www.dft.gov.uk/about/strategy/transportstrategy/dasts/dastsreport.pdf
Department for Transport http://www.dft.gov.uk/about/strategy/transportstrategy/pdfsustaintranssystem.pdf
Transport for South Hampshire
Department for Transport
Appendix 1 - Regional work programme submission - Issues of International, National and Regional significance
Source: South East England Regional Transport Board (http://www.southeast-ra.gov.uk/documents/events/55/Agenda%20Item%207%20-%20DaSTS%20Update.pdf)
Appendix 2 Mapping the Transport Challenges of the South East - Urban South Hampshire
To support national economic competiveness and growth, by delivering reliable and efficient networks
· As a New Growth Point with two strategic development areas and a strategic employment site, transport infrastructure is needed to facilitate delivery thereby supporting the regional and national economic competitiveness and growth.
· Given the status of Southampton and Portsmouth as international gateways, there is a need to balance the competing demands of international, national, regional and local journeys being made in the sub-region in order to support national and local growth agendas.
· The area has pockets of high unemployment and deprivation, particularly in Portsmouth and Southampton; improved transport infrastructure required to enhance the economic competitiveness of the area
To reduce transport's emissions of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases, with the desired outcome of tackling climate change
· As a Diamond for Investment and Growth the sub-region is committed to stabilising its ecological footprint two years earlier than regional targets.
· Opportunity to explore the role of sustainable travel and smarter choices in this densely populated area with a number of local commuter journeys
To contribute to better safety, security and
health and longer life expectancy by reducing the
risk of death, injury or illness arising from transport, and by promoting travel modes that are
beneficial to health
· Considering the PUSH area is relatively densely populated, public transport services and walking and cycling will be more viable and the opportunity should be taken to maximise modal shift to these sustainable modes in order to help reduce carbon and noise emissions associated with transport and contribute to an improved quality of life and better health for transport users and local residents.
To promote greater equality of opportunity for all citizens, with the desired outcome of
achieving a fairer society
· Providing a number of transport options to connect new strategic development areas to the existing network and provide access to new employment site is important in allowing equality of opportunity to all citizens, which should help to reduce the pockets of deprivation and unemployment currently found in the sub-region.
To improve quality of life for transport users and non-transport users, and to promote a healthy natural environment
· Given that this area is relatively densely populated, there is the opportunity to encourage modal shift to more sustainable modes such as walking and cycling.
· Encouraging these modes would help to reduce carbon and noise emissions associated with transport thus contributing to an improved quality of life for transport users and local residents.