Vehicle safety checks

As a driver, it’s your responsibility to make sure your vehicle is always roadworthy. If you haven’t driven your vehicle for a while it’s especially important to make sure everything is working and topped up before setting off on any journey. Here is a list of basic checks you should carry out:


Check all lights are working, including indicators and reversing light. Replace any blown bulbs before setting off.

Fluid levels

Fluids to check are:

  • Fuel
  • Oil
  • Brake fluid
  • Coolant
  • Screen wash

Your vehicle’s hand book will show you where to find the various fluid reservoirs in the engine and how to top them up.


Driving with under-inflated or overinflated tyres can adversely affect your braking distance, steering, fuel efficiency and the lifetime of your tyres. Before setting off, check your tyres are at the correct pressure and inflate them if necessary. You can find the correct pressure for your tyres inside the driver’s door of your vehicle.

The legal minimum tread depth for car tyres is 1.6mm (1mm for trucks). If one or more of your tyres is at or below this level you must replace them immediately.


Start the engine to check the battery is charged. If the battery is flat it can be charged using a regular vehicle battery charger.

Wash the car

Ensure the windscreen is free from debris and the lights and registration plate are clean and visible to other road users.