New and second-hand prams and pushchairs
- This guidance is for England, Scotland & Wales
All prams and pushchairs, both new and used, are required to be safe. One way to ensure this is by compliance with BS EN 1888: Child care articles. Wheeled child conveyances. Safety requirements and test methods. Prams and pushchairs are defined as: 'any wheeled vehicle designed for the transport of one or more infants either seated or reclined'.
There are certain checks you can make on a used pushchair to ensure it is still safe, including checking there are no sharp edges, ensuring the safety harness is in good condition, verifying the parking brake works and testing the stability of the pushchair.
Supplying an unsafe product is a contravention of the General Product Safety Regulations 2005. See 'General product safety: distributors' and 'General product safety: producers' for more information on these Regulations.
All upholstered prams and pushchairs (new and used) have to comply with stringent flammability regulatory requirements too. A label indicating compliance should be located on the frame or seating cover of the new pram / pushchair.
How can I tell if my prams & pushchairs are safe?
Look for the label stating that the pram or pushchair complies with BS EN 1888. These labels are usually found on the frame or seat covering.
Used prams & pushchairs
If prams and pushchairs have been damaged or modified, they may no longer meet the requirements of the standard. The only way to be certain is to have the item tested by a laboratory, which is expensive. However, there are some things you can look out for:
- the presence of any sharp edges or points
- the folding chassis must have a primary and secondary locking device; do they both engage and work properly?
- the safety harness; is it in good condition? Make sure the harness is a secure five-point harness and the straps are not frayed
- the wheel security, and evidence of any heavy wear on the edges of wheels
- the parking brake; does it work both forwards and backwards, and does it engage properly?
- the general stability in all directions (forwards, backwards and sideways left and right)
- the tubes or linkages; have they been bent by heavy impact with kerbs or stairs?
- the presence of any finger entrapments. Ensure that exposed tubes still have some means of preventing fingers from getting trapped
- ensure that the pram or pushchair is generally in good condition
What about flammability requirements?
All upholstered prams and pushchairs (new and used) have to comply with the stringent flammability requirements contained in the Furniture and Furnishings (Fire) (Safety) Regulations 1988. New prams and pushchairs also have to carry permanent labels and display labels giving information about how they comply with the Regulations. If used items do not have a permanent label with the words 'CARELESSNESS CAUSES FIRE', it must be assumed that they do not comply and therefore should not be sold.
Failing to comply with the above requirements is an offence. The maximum penalty is a fine and two years' imprisonment. The court may also forfeit any or all of your unsafe goods.
Where a product causes personal injury or property damage, the supplier could be liable to pay substantial damages.
Additionally, if new products on sale are found to be in breach of the legislation, the manufacturer or importer could be required to recall all of the affected products.
- Key legislation
Last reviewed / updated: August 2017
- Please note
This information is intended for guidance; only the courts can give an authoritative interpretation of the law.
The guide's 'Key legislation' links may only show the original version of the legislation, although some amending legislation is linked to separately where it is directly related to the content of a guide. Information on amendments to UK legislation can be found on each link's 'More Resources' tab; amendments to EU legislation are usually incorporated into the text.
All prams and pushchairs sold, whether new or used, are required to be safe
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