Recipe definitions

When following recipes, you may notice words or phrases that are unfamiliar. Here is a list to help you get started.

My list of abbreviations:

t, tbs, tb, tbsp = table spoon.

t or tsp = tea spoon.

ml = millilitre, how liquid is measured.

kg = kilogram, what large amounts of ingredients are weighed and measured in.

g = grams, what smaller amounts of ingredients are weighed in.

hr = hour, unit of time.

min = minutes, unit of time.

°C = degrees Centigrade, the temperature food is cooked in the oven.

°F = degrees Fahrenheit, the temperature food is cooked in the oven.

Cream = Mixing butter and sugar together leaving a light and fluffy mixture.

Zest = The zest is the outer shiny coloured part of a citrus fruit. It is removed and used to flavour recipes.

Fold = Folding ingredients is a way of gently joining ingredients together. Sometimes the ingredients are delicate and stirring them in is too hard.

Sift / sifting = A way of breaking up any lumps in the flour.

Knead = Is a baking term to mix and work a dough by folding, pressing, and stretching with the hands.

Rub / Rubbing in = A baking method where you lightly mix the flour and marg/butter/fat using the fingertips.

Prove = A period of time bread dough is left to rise before baking in the oven.

Older recipes may use:

Lb = pound, an older weight measurement.

Oz = ounce, an older weight measurement.

Ask a grown up about these.