02. Hampshire and Australia 1783-1791: Crime and Transportation

02. Hampshire and Australia 1783-1791: Crime and Transportation
Hampshire Papers 2: Hampshire and Australia 1783-1791: Crime and Transportation
by Margaret Spence (1993)

This paper is a study of crime and criminals in Hampshire in the late eighteenth century and also an investigation of the methods used by the authorities to deal with the ever-increasing numbers of convicts on their hands - hanging, imprisonment, hard labour and, from 1787 and the voyage of the First Fleet, transportation to Australia. Using newspaper reports of the day and Home Office papers, the author considers the nature of crime in the county and examines the problems of overcrowding in Winchester's prison, the use of hulks (or prison ships) in Portsmouth Harbour, and the eventual decision taken by Government to transport convicts to Botany Bay.

The paper focuses particularly on the disastrous voyage of the Second Fleet in 1790, during which over one third of the convicts on board died. With reference to early Australian census records and other sources, it also describes what happened to the 27 male and two female Second Fleet convicts from Hampshire.

Physical description 295mm x 210mm; softback; 28 pages.
Published in 1992 by Hampshire County Council.
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