11. Popular Radicalism and the Swing Riots in Central Hampshire

11. Popular Radicalism and the Swing Riots in Central Hampshire
Hampshire Papers 11: Popular Radicalism and the Swing Riots in Central Hampshire
by David Kent (1997)

In the winter of 1830-31 the agricultural labourers of southern and eastern England showed that they would endure desperate poverty and hardship no longer. The upheaval of protest, usually referred to as the 'Swing' riots, was principally a response to low wages, inadequate poor law allowances and the labour-displacing effect of threshing-machines which took away one of the few remaining opportunities for work during the winter months. Hampshire was one of the counties most severely affected by the protest and it was the first to experience the systematic, chillingly deliberate judicial terror by which protest was repressed.

This paper is a study of the agricultural riots of November 1830 as they affected the villages of the Dever Valley in central Hampshire - Sutton Scotney, Wonston, Micheldever, Bullington, Barton Stacey and Chilbolton. It examines the involvement in the riots of a small group of educated working-men, well versed in the works of William Cobbett, who, it appears, because of their radical ideas, suffered particularly harsh treatment at the hands of the authorities.

Using contemporary manuscript and printed sources, the paper pieces together the course of the riots in the Dever Valley and examines the aftermath - the trials in Winchester, where many of the radicals and their fellow-rioters were sentenced to be transported to Australia.

Physical description 295mm x 210mm; softback; 24 pages.
Published in 1997 by Hampshire County Council.
SKU HRO11
 
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