When an education setting has identified a child has SEN, they must make a SEN Support Plan. This might be called an Individual Education Plan (IEP) or something else similar. Parents and carers are always involved in writing and reviewing the SEN Support Plan.
A SEN Support Plan has a four part cycle:
This cycle is part of the "graduated approach". This is the approach recommended in the SEN code of practice. When you review the SEN Support Plan, you and the education setting can decide what worked and what didn't in that cycle. Then you can change the SEN Support Plan as needed to help the child or young person make progress.
The SEN Support Plan must include "SMART" outcomes. These are Specific, Measurable, Achievable, Realistic, Time-bound.
An outcome is the benefit or difference that parents and professionals would notice in the child or young person as a result of the support given.