History and archaeology

Key stage 2

A day’s programme consists of practical hands-on archaeological activities in our woodlands and in our wider gardens. Schools are encouraged to enjoy a picnic lunch around an open fire.

The list of activities can be adapted to suit individual needs and requirements. Normally we fit in two to three activities in the morning (including the archaeological dig) and we can set up a carousel of three to four activities in the afternoon at the woodland site.

Morning activities
Activities Learning objective: the children should learn...
Artefact analysis to look at real and replica finds from the Roman Age, Saxon Age or Stone Age to learn about the people that made them and what they used them for
Archaeological dig to use real archaeological tools and skills to find, clean and classify artefacts retrieved from our purpose built trench
Rot or not dress up to study the clothing and accessories worn and used by people of the Roman Age, Saxon Age or Stone Age. What would perish over time and what would remain for archaeologists to find in years to come?
The Rubbish Game to see what we can learn about people from what they throw away
House history to compare a Roman villa with an Iron Age roundhouse, including making mosaics
Stone Age timeline to appreciate how far back in time our Stone Age ancestors lived by creating a practical and interactive timeline
Prehistoric Painting to use the materials from nature to create prehistoric pictures
Afternoon activities
Activities Learning objective: the children should learn...
Fire lighting to test modern and ancient fire lighting techniques. Discussing the importance of fire to Roman Age/Saxon Age/Stone Age people and what has changed/stayed the same over time
Shelter building to use finds from nature to build a shelter that would have protected Roman Age/Saxon Age/Stone Age people from the elements
Ancient snacks to cook a Roman Age/Saxon Age/Stone Age snack over the bushcraft fire
Roman legionary drill to practise the drills and commands of a Roman soldier. Why was discipline important?
Roman writing to decipher Roman numerals in order to write dates and numbers in clay
Saxon weaving to make Saxon braids for decoration
Saxon Runes to decipher Saxon runes in order to write dates and messages in clay
Prehistoric pottery jigsaw to understand how archaeologists use the small bits of evidence found in digs in order to build up the bigger picture of how people lived
Session times

10am to 2.30pm
with a break for a picnic lunch at 12pm in or near the Education Centre.

Suggested pre-visit activities
  • Look at a collection of fruits and seeds such as apple, cherry, avocado
  • Discuss which fruits and seeds provide food for humans and and/or other animals
Suggested post-visit activities
  • Look at a variety of seeds and how they are dispersed
  • Grow new plants from different parts of a plant such as seeds, stem and root cuttings, tubers and bulbs
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