'Traveller' is an umbrella term which includes different groups and communities
- Gypsies are a recognised ethnic minority with an identifiable culture and language which has threads in common with Gypsies across the globe
- Gypsies speak Romany which has its roots in Sanskrit and has some words in common with Hindi
- Historically Hampshire has always been home to a large Gypsy community and there are several private sites throughout the county
- Contrary to popular belief, Gypsies pay rent, taxes and amenity charges when living on private sites or in housing
- Most Gypsies are fiercely proud of their working heritage and are either self-employed or in full-time employment
- As with the settled community, the majority of Gypsies value education and want to ensure their children attend school and receive a suitable education
- Roma are a recognised ethnic minority
- Roma are a relatively new group who have migrated to the UK from across Europe
- Roma are Gypsies and come to the UK to work as do many other migrants from across Europe and the world
- Roma are often tri-lingual and speak the language of their country of origin, Romanes and English
- Unlike UK Gypsies, Roma do not usually seek accommodation in caravans or on sites but live in houses as in their country of origin
- Roma from across Europe have often experienced high levels of prejudice and persecution in their country of origin and in the UK and will not ascribe as Roma in the first instance but as Romanian, Hungarian or whatever their country of origin is
- Roma Children and Families in Hampshire
EMTAS has produced a document comprising FAQ in relation to Roma children and families in Hampshire schools.
- Research into Roma Communities
Marc Penfold’s research paper Improving educational outcomes for pupils from the new Roma communities is published on the British Council EAL Nexus website. It's a comprehensive, readable piece of research that includes many links - readily transferable to a Primary context.
Penfold’s research provides an excellent insight into current thinking about the rates of achievement, attendance and ascription of Roma children in UK schools. Offering examples of good practice which are readily accessible and which can be implemented at any Key Stage, teachers of EAL and GRT children will find something to develop their practice and enhance provision in their school or setting.
It is worth noting that as in many works there are issues of contention. The author repeatedly states that UK Gypsies, Roma and Travellers are happy to accept the label of Gypsy when talking about their culture. However there are many instances of UK Gypsies who do not like to be known as Gypsies because of the negative connotations and prefer to be known as Travellers. Irish Travellers and Showmen are often known to take offence at being called Gypsy, so it is worth getting to know the GRT community you are working with and take nothing for granted.
Despite an occasional negative style of writing that appears to suggest that the ‘baggage’ Roma carry might include their cultural identity and sense of self, the report is well worth exploring with much to benefit the reader. The author provides many pointers and examples of good practice and insights to help understand the way Roma engage with education and how best to support that.
Not as a stand alone work but coupled with experience, good teaching practice and an openness to develop relationships with the Roma communities, you will find this research something that you return to time and again.
- Eastern European Roma: Cultural Awareness
The Gypsy Roma Traveller Police Association site has a link to the East European Roma Cultural Awareness Guide which is comprehensive and very illuminating.
This Roma Support Group Guide, compiled in 2014, seeks to provide an overview of East European Roma that includes information about their history, culture and traditions.
This resource was initially provided as an aid to assist the Police Service as a whole, but in particular the Officers of the Metropolitan Police, to engage with Roma families in a positive way. It includes references and links to other published works as well as a very direct paper from the Council of Europe, Commissioner for Human Rights ‘Positions on the human rights of Roma’, which graphically depicts that unrelenting discrimination and anti-Gypsyism is far from eradicated in Europe and beyond.
There are sections on Police practice in both English and Polish that have been published in leaflet form, coupled with a number of case studies of projects to promote mutual understanding.
Overall, the guide comprises an insight into the history and culture of the Roma and provides some thought-provoking commentary and discussion topics.
- Irish Travellers
- Irish Travellers are a recognised ethnic minority group and although they may have their origins in Ireland, many are UK-born and raised
- Irish Travellers have a unique culture and language distinct from Gypsies and other Travellers but are often confused with Gypsies because both groups can be seen travelling around the county in caravans
- Irish Travellers are transient in caravans and move around the county but are also housed and not all travel
- Media has portrayed Irish Travellers as appearing to favour flamboyant dress and loose moral behaviour which is not reflected by the Irish Travellers in Hampshire
- Showman travel with fairs from place to place during the summer months. The traditional season runs from Easter until November, but economic needs are extending it and many do Christmas fairs and pop-up shops during the winter
- Showman families are long-established in Hampshire and there are sites, or yards, in many locations across the county
- Showmen adhere to the rules of the Showman’s Guild and although their work and jobs are becoming more diverse in response to tough economic climes, their culture and values remain fixed
- Showmen are not an ethnic minority although the Showmen culture can trace its roots through the centuries to the Frost Fairs of the 17th century
- New Travellers
- New Travellers are the newest group of Travellers and is drawn from a group of people who have elected to leave the aspects of society and to live a freer, simpler life travelling
- Often travelling in converted buses and coaches as well as caravans, New Travellers are often very environmentally aware and focused and will make their values and concerns known at protests
- Many New Travellers prefer rural settings and may work as artists and artisans
- New Travellers are not an ethnic minority and it is seen as a lifestyle choice
- Bargee Travellers
- Hampshire does not have a history of Bargee Travellers in the county but neighbouring authorities in Dorset, Wiltshire and Surrey are home to the communities and they may attend Hampshire schools
- Bargees or Boat Dwellers are not an ethnic minority and it is seen as a lifestyle choice although many are generational Bargees
- More information can be found at the National Bargee Travellers Association